How to Get Accuracy and Speed in Mathematics?
1. Importance of Accuracy and Speed
How to Get Accuracy and Speed in Mathematics?
Due to lack of accuracy and speed -
The habit of impurity in the child comes from a little carelessness of the teacher. At first the child is mindless, he also commits many impurities. It is the teacher's job to instill a habit of purity and promptness in him. If teachers are careless then they do not pay attention to the impurities of children. It is often seen that when the children misunderstand the question, they say that this mistake has been made by mistake. On this, the teachers leave their mistake and move on. It is the duty of the teachers here to understand their mistake and solve the questions correctly by the boys again. Similarly, children often say that I know this question very well, it will take a lot of time to do it. Leave this question, I will solve the next question. Careless teachers let them do it. The result of this is that they do not get used to solving questions accurately and quickly.
Purity in children and the habit of delaying the question also comes due to the fact that the addition, rest, multiplication, division etc. of the questions are not done accurately on the margins, but they do it on their back pages or on useless papers and That too clumsily. The result of this is that with this addition, it takes more time to solve the solution in the real question and there is also a possibility of mistake in removing it. Sometimes writing dirty and writing the second number on top of one digit also leads to inaccuracy. Therefore, every student should make a habit of writing clearly and if any number is written incorrectly, it should be cut off and write the correct number separately, not to attempt to correct it.
3. Habitual Condition of Accuracy and Speed -Now the question arises that at what stage should the students be taught the correctness and promptness? For this, it is the job of psychologists to tell the exact age, but Prof. According to Siddan's statement, if a child of 9 or 10 years of age makes a mistake in calculation and takes time to solve the question, then the education of correctness and promptness should not be postponed further, but at the same time the teacher should start this education. .
4. Education of Accuracy and Speed -According to Professor Kuppuswamy Iyengar, the best method to cultivate the habit of purity and expeditiousness is to give children practice of solving a large amount of questions. Simultaneously, they should also explain the principles that they have to use. Now the question arises whether this practice should be oral or written, there is a opinion of some scholars about it that the practice should be oral in large quantity. More written practice causes fatigue in children and also takes more time. But still it is necessary to have a little written practice, though mainly the practice should be oral. In oral practice, the teacher must keep two things in mind. Firstly, a child over ten years of age should be allowed to count on the finger and secondly, there should be five minutes of oral practice at the beginning of the hour of arithmetic and sometimes five minutes at the end. No more practice is required. . This program should be continued till the child gets a very good habit of purity and promptness.
5. Measures for Obtaining Accuracy -Below are some such things, which children can attain purity by practicing. Therefore, the teacher should practice these things daily -
(1.) The numbers should be written big and beautiful. Till the points are not written clearly and beautifully then they will not be read successfully and there will not be any purity in them. Apart from this, they will also be mistaken in not writing in-place.
For this, practice of writing the numerals in the text of calligraphy will be done.
(2.) Find the answer. If they do not get the actual answer at the time of inspection, they will know their mistake and will try not to make any inaccuracy in the future.
(3.) The fruit or answer should be examined. According to the rough estimate or any guru, upon checking the answer, the boys will get the knowledge of the pure answer. If the answer is impure, then we will try to purify it.
(4.) Make a habit of reading the question carefully, specifying and varying the give and to find. Children make many mistakes due to hastiness, they need to tell them how to do questions.
(5.) Thoughts should be expressed in pure and concise language.
(6.) Verbal exercises should be conducted on simple actions and rules. This practice should be so that its results become full and there is no need to think.
6. Measures for Obtaining Speed(1.) Accuracy should be increased. Although it is fine that one who works in pure form cannot always get fast, even then one who performs impure action can get more success in this subject because most of the answers from impure action are expected to be impure. After investigation, if the answer appears to be impure, then it has to be repeated. Pure performers get very little of this opportunity.
(2.) Time should be fixed for each task. Many children do not act quickly because the teacher gives them a question to solve. When the boys do it, they are given another. Boys do not know how much time they have to spend on this question, therefore it will be necessary that 4 or 5 questions are asked to be solved from the time of Shayapatta or books. This time should be decided according to the qualification of children.
(3.) Use of assistive devices should be reduced. Although initially using auxiliary means helps in the action, but if the action is understood, it impedes the movement. Therefore, it is not necessary to use it for speed.
(4.) The brevity of the language and the inferiority of the digits should be noted. When the child understands the verb, do not show more than necessary steps and should not be specified and kept separately in causality.
(5.) According to the qualification, the work should be done. Tasks should be made according to the ability of the entire class and the time of each group should be fixed which is the air-conditioned ability of the clever child of that group.
(6.) The verb should be used briefly. In the beginning, practice should be done by getting the rules out by prolonged action. When the child understands his theory properly, the actions should be shortened.
(7.) Adopt the necessary habits. The more time the child gives in thinking, the more quickly the habit will be lost. Therefore, work should be done in such a way that there is no need for much thought in actions. The child should work like a machine. The following types of habits are -
7. Topic-Related HabitsMultiplication of fold and fold multiplication, short methods of scale-checking, percentage form of fractions etc. should be done.
8. Functional Habit (. Functional Habit) -
Writing sequentially, roughing up the answer, proving it according to a 'guru', specifying the question and dividing it into two causal parts. Writing the numbers clean and clear etc.
9. Mental Habit
It is a habit through which children practice the spirit of purity, concentration and reasoning power, which are the main means of achieving advancement in mathematics.
10. Accuracy And Speed -
Both are equally difficult to obtain. But permanent practice has a special effect in achieving both. In this way, the practice should be continued for some time for its purity and quickness so that its effect will be completely permanent.